A right, simply put, is something that you are entitled to without interference or permission from anyone else. Human rights are those rights that each of us have just by the virtue of being human. These are the basic minimum standards that contribute to freedom, equality and dignity of all people. For eg: The right to life, the right to work, the right to equality before law etc.  A right has to be exercised with responsibility towards ourselves and others around us.

Since sexuality is such an important  part of being human, sexual rights are also an important component of your basic human rights. These rights are thus an evolving set of entitlements related to your sexuality and include the right to:

-          seek, receive and impart information related to sexuality;

-          sexuality education;

-          respect for bodily integrity;

-          choosing your partner;

-          decide to be sexually active or not;

-          sexual relations with mutual consent;

-          marriage with mutual consent;

-          decide whether or not, and when, to have children;

-          the highest attainable standard of sexual health, including access to sexual and reproductive health care services;

-          pursue a satisfying, safe and pleasurable sexual life.

Sexual rights are those minimum standards that are required for a person to experience and express their sexuality in a positive manner. They can only be realised and enjoyed in an environment that is free from discrimination, coercion and violence. Choice and mutual consent are cornerstones of such an environment.

The following lines from ‘A Conversation on Sexual Rights in India’, a publication CREA, SANGMA & TARSHI truly capture the essence of sexual rights.

“…the freedom to own and express my sexuality, and the freedom to not have external impositions of how I dress, behave, identify , who I love, make friends, have sex with; where or when I do it (as long as I don’t intrude on anyone else’s space); why I have sex or sensual experiences. My body, heart, mind, sex are mine.”


1. IPPF’s Declaration on Sexual Rightsयौन अधिकारों में वे मानवाधिकार आते हैं जिनको पहले ही राष्ट्रीय कानून, अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मानवाधिकार दस्तावेजों और अन्य सर्वसम्मत वक्तव्यों में मान्यता मिल चुकी है। इनमें सभी व्यक्तियों के लिए इस बात का अधिकार शामिल है कि वे उत्पीड़न, भेदभाव और हिंसा के बिना:

  1. यौन एवं प्रजनन स्वास्थ्य तक पहुंच सहित यौन स्वास्थ्य का उच्चतम संभव स्तर हासिल कर सकें;
  2. देखभाल सेवाओं का लाभ ले सकें;
  3. यौनिकता से संबंधित सूचनाएं मांग सकें, प्राप्त कर सकें, दे सकें;
  4. यौनिकता शिक्षा प्राप्त कर सकें;
  5. उनकी शरीर स्वायत्तता को सम्मान दिया जाए;
  6. अपना/अपनी साथी चुनने का अधिकार;
  7. यौन सक्रियता या निष्क्रियता के बीच चुनाव का अधिकार;
  8. सहमति आधारित यौन संबंधों का अधिकार;
  9. सहमति के आधार पर विवाह का अधिकार;
  10. ये तय करने का अधिकार कि बच्चे होंगे या नहीं और अगर होंगे तो कब होंगे; तथा एक संतोषजनक, सुरक्षित व आनंदपूर्ण यौन जीवन का अधिकार।

(यौन अधिकारों पर विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन द्वारा दी गई कार्यकारी परिभाषा, 2002)

यौन अधिकार मानवाधिकारों का एक आधारभूत तत्व होते हैं। इनमें आनंदपूर्ण यौनिकता को अनुभव करने का अधिकार भी शामिल है जो कि अपने आप में एक बुनियादी तत्व है और साथ ही यह लोगों के बीच संचार और प्रेम का बुनियादी माध्यम भी है।


  1. Copyright says:

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  2. This is just what I had been seeking… I needed some good info in my class and you also presented some really good awareness thank you.

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